The environmental scenario is quickly worsening and natural assets are quick depleting. Sustainable improvement has develop into the centre of latest nationwide insurance policies, strategies and improvement plans of many countries. The United Nations Common Meeting proposed a set of global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) which included 17 goals and 169 targets on the UN in New York by the Open Working Group. In addition, a preliminary set of 330 indicators was introduced in March 2015 (Lu, Nakicenovic, Visbeck, & Stevance, 2015 ). The SDGs place better value and calls for on the scientific neighborhood than did the Millennium Improvement Objectives. In addressing climate change, renewable power, meals, health and water provision requires a coordinated global monitoring and modelling of many components that are socially, economically and environmentally oriented (HÃ¡k, JanouÅ¡kovÃ¡, & Moldan, 2016 ; Owusu, Asumadu-Sarkodie, & Ameyo, 2016 ).
There are actual economic and bodily challenges to transitioning our hydrocarbon-primarily based vitality system to at least one dominated by renewables in a well timed method. We can’t underestimate the position hydrocarbons play and will continue to play in our world financial system. However, Mills’ declare that the physical limitations of renewables, in comparison with those of hydrocarbons, make the transition to a brand new power financial system unattainable mischaracterizes the fabric challenges related to making a renewables-based mostly grid and the numerous progress being made in the renewable vitality industry.